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INFORMATION NEWSLETTERS

are the special issues (printed analogues were distributed in regions), shining{covering} about debatable problems gender theories, gender attitudes and relations in the most different areas of a public life. The research data resulted editions in a significant part are made by advisers of AGIC




THE GENDER RESEARCHES

In this section the gender researches are presented. The researches have been realized by the Azerbaijan authors with 1998 on present time




HOT LINE

To the submitted addresses it is possible to receive legal, psychological and medical aid:

The Crisis Center:
t: 4943376
wcc@online.az


legal consultation. pre-judicial preparation of the documentation . psychological rehabilitation, consultations of the gynecologist. psychiatrist, neuropathologist.

MHAIDS Azerbaijan:
t: 5106614 mhaids@initiative.az


consultations of the gynecologist. psychiatrist, neuropathologist. venereologist, the organization of the specialized analyses

Research Center AREAT
t: 438 15 77:

areat@azeronline.com

Consultations in registry offices about an opportunity of the conclusion of the marriage contract at registration of a marriage as precautionary measure against economic violence over family.

LTD Law and Order:
: (050) 341 06 60
law_order@gender-az.org


legal consultation, drawing up of judicial claims , pre-judicial preparation of the documentation, participation in judicial sessions as the public defender (prosecutor)

Clean World Social Union
: 497 10 58


Support to victims of human trafficking shelter for victims of human trafficking




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HEADSCARF CONTINUES AS POLITICAL ISSUE


A ruling by an administrative court banning female candidates for academic posts from being veiled during an admission examination has brought the headscarf back to the front of Turkish politics, and reignited tensions between secularist and religious forces.

 

The crisis was triggered following an initiative by the Student Selection and Placement Centre (OSYM) to allow wearing of the headscarf during the Selection Examination for Academic Personnel and Graduate Studies (ALES).

 

A ban on this attire in higher education and public administration premises had been observed strictly until recently, but OSYM's initiative led the Education and Science Workers' Union (Egitim-Is) to file a complaint with the Council of State.

 

The Council of State is Turkey's highest administrative instance, with large judicial and advisory powers in practically all state activities. It functions through a structure that controls 23 district chambers, 33 administrative courts and 63 tax courts.

 

The decision of the Council to maintain the ban has not gone well with the ruling Justice and Development (AK) Party.

 

Turkish Prime Minister and AKP leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan did not wear gloves in punching back at the Council. Addressing a businessmen association in Ankara after the ruling last week, he declared the decision "highly politicized", "unfounded" in legal standing, and said prohibition of the headscarf was "unlawful".

 

The opposition was quick to react. Defending the legitimacy of the Council's acts and its constitutional status, Kemal Kilicdaroglu, chairman of the Republican People's (CH) Party remarked that no one had the right to object to the Council's conclusions. CHP, formed in 1923 by the Turkish Republic's founder Mustafa Kemal, better known as Ataturk, is the largest minority party in the Grand National Assembly.

 

Secularism has been the driving force of the Republic for the past 88 years. Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, and a successful independence war against the foreign powers that had appropriated parts of mainland Turkey, Ataturk embarked on modernizing his country by introducing western models, both in state governance and people's lifestyle.

 

He saw religion as the main obstacle for the emancipation of the Turks, and abolished all state institutions that had been in the hands of, or influenced by the clerics. The dress code was associated with such influence. The headscarf for women and the fez for men were banned from public life, although individual religious freedom was not restricted. He and his entourage championed the western attire, from French-designed dresses to the tuxedo and top hat. Business and society in the urban areas followed suit, but no significant changes were noticed in the countryside.

 

Nationalists consider the headscarf a symbol of religious activism and social conservatism. Turkish governments since World War II have turned a blind eye to its use. But with the emergence of Islamic political parties in the 1990s, secular authorities have toughened their stance.

 

Since 1997 women covering their head are not allowed to enter public buildings, universities, or military premises, including military hospitals. Many who insisted on wearing the headscarf have been deprived of higher education, or have had to migrate abroad to pursue their studies and careers.

 

The Islam-rooted AKP, which has won the legislative elections twice since 2002 and appointed its member Abdullah Gul president in 2008, has made abolition of the ban a compelling theme in its political programme. In a country where 98 percent of the population is Muslim, this seems a convincing argument with voters.

 

It is estimated that 65 percent of Turkish women wear the headscarf, but there is no reliable research on the meaning they attach to it. The wives of the president and the prime minister are fervent supporters of the veil, and adorn themselves with fashionable silk foulards privately and at official ceremonies.

 

The AKP victory in 2007, when it won 47 percent of the vote, led the ruling party to introduce legislation in 2008 to reverse restrictions on the headscarf. But the Constitutional Court invalidated the decision of the MPs. The issue went back to square one. Until last October.

 

Following a fresh triumph on Sep. 12 last year when the party won 52 percent support in a referendum to amend the Constitution, the government felt strong enough to tackle the headscarf issue once more. The Higher Education Authority (YOK) issued a circular to the rectors of universities that no student should be excluded from attending class because of their dress. Most academics complied grudgingly, but there were cases of resistance. In one instance this led to suspension of a professor at Istanbul University.

 

OSYM seems to have followed YOK's initiative. But it ran into the all-powerful Constitutional Council. This institution, first formed in mid-19th century during the reign of Sultan Mahmut II, was later reformed to match the model of the French Conseil d'Etat created in 1867 by Napoleon III.

 

Abolished by Ataturk in 1922 first as an Ottoman relic, it was restored on his request in the Turkish Constitution of 1924 (Art. 51). It has since been a major pillar of the Republic, safeguarding Ataturk's doctrine on secularism, that is a mandatory component of the curriculum in secondary and undergraduate studies till today.

 

"I had to allow a head-scarfed young woman attend my course," an Istanbul academic told IPS on condition of anonymity. "I was trapped: not accepting her might cost me my job; admitting her goes against the ruling of the Constitutional Court. The worst part was that, later during their association's meeting, students expressed dissatisfaction with my tolerance. Damned if you do, damned if you don't."

 

http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=54292

VIRTUAL MUSEIM

AGIC promotes creating the history of civil society and those initiations by studying womans public activity in the end of XIX - the beginning of XX centuries. The collection of the visual evidences and oral reminiscences allows not only to recalled the events, become utterly absorbed in the atmosphere that reigned at that time but also to comprehend, understand how and what efforts were demanded for establishing of Caucasus womens rights. The information collected here will serve also as a supporting material for teachers, historians and researchers working in the sphere of womans and gender problems. They will get an opportunity of using these unique documents as historical references, visual and oral evidences.




EUROPEAN WOMENS THESAURUS

The European Womens Thesaurus is the tool for definition and search of the "female" information in databanks, the Internet and the collection of womens libraries, the documentary centers and archives. The European Womens Thesaurus contains 2087 European terms.

In the Azerbaijan version of the Thesaurus are brought 589 terms reflecting sociopolitical realities of the Azerbaijan society, national and Islamic culture.




GENDER DIRECTORY

is the data-base of all the national actors involved in women's and gender issues work. The data base supposes to include the gender focal points: State agencies, National parliament, Business sector, Mass media outlets, International organizations, functioning in Azerbaijan, Funding institutions, functioning in Azerbaijan,Diplomatic corps, functioning in Azerbaijan, the individual actors (individual feminists, writers and poets, artists, scientific womens rights lawyers). Attention! The directory is connected by links to databases of womens NGOs (both registered and non-registered), NGOs carrying out gender projects, researchers and teachers.




AZERBAIJAN STATE COMMITTEE ON FAMILY, WOMAN AND CHILD PROBLEMS

In Azerbaijan by initiative of the President Ilham Aliev in accordance with Presidential Decree dated by 6 of February 2006 State Committee on Family, Women and Children issues has been established. Chairwoman of the Committee is Mrs. Khidjran Guseynova. She is the professor of the Baku State University and the first woman- the doctor of political sciences in Azerbaijan




THE NATIONAL DOCUMENTS

The section presents the international documents on achievement of equality between men and women and protection of human rights for women.




THE INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTS

The section presents the international documents on achievement of equality between men and women and protection of human rights for women.




DATABASE OF WOMEN'S NGO

The database base of womens NGOs includes the registered and unregistered organizations, womens f groups. Attention! There arent practically precisely profile NGOs in Azerbaijan. For completeness of the information search is recommended to realize by several key words




DATABASE OF NGOS, CARRYING OUT GENDER PROJECTS

The database represents the information about the international and national projects on gender problems for the period 1998-2007. Search is carried out both by thematic key words and under names of NGOs






Human Rights in the XXI Century - Azerbaijan














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Regional Initiative of Women's Groups for Promoting ICT as a Strategic Tool for Social Transformation









      This site was prepared with support of Fund " Open Society " - Fund of Assistance