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are the special issues (printed analogues were distributed in regions), shining{covering} about debatable problems gender theories, gender attitudes and relations in the most different areas of a public life. The research data resulted editions in a significant part are made by advisers of AGIC




THE GENDER RESEARCHES

In this section the gender researches are presented. The researches have been realized by the Azerbaijan authors with 1998 on present time




HOT LINE

To the submitted addresses it is possible to receive legal, psychological and medical aid:

The Crisis Center:
t: 4943376
wcc@online.az


legal consultation. pre-judicial preparation of the documentation . psychological rehabilitation, consultations of the gynecologist. psychiatrist, neuropathologist.

MHAIDS Azerbaijan:
t: 5106614 mhaids@initiative.az


consultations of the gynecologist. psychiatrist, neuropathologist. venereologist, the organization of the specialized analyses

Research Center AREAT
t: 438 15 77:

areat@azeronline.com

Consultations in registry offices about an opportunity of the conclusion of the marriage contract at registration of a marriage as precautionary measure against economic violence over family.

LTD Law and Order:
: (050) 341 06 60
law_order@gender-az.org


legal consultation, drawing up of judicial claims , pre-judicial preparation of the documentation, participation in judicial sessions as the public defender (prosecutor)

Clean World Social Union
: 497 10 58


Support to victims of human trafficking shelter for victims of human trafficking




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Gender Analysis and Public Policy


Presentation Azerbaijan Gender Information Center
Baku, Azerbaijan


This presentation has three objectives:

  1. to familiarize participants with the principles and processes involved in integrating Gender Analysis into public policymaking;
  2. to provide specific examples of how Gender Analysis can improve public policy; and
  3. to initiate discussion and critical analysis around integrating gender analysis into public policy processes in Azerbaijan.


Gender
• The term gender refers to the set of characteristics, roles and behavioral patterns that distinguish women from men and which are constructed socially and culturally, rather than biologically. While the sex of an individual is biologically determined, gender characteristics are constructed over time and vary from one culture to another. The construction of gender characteristics in a society defines masculine and feminine roles and the power associated with these respective roles.

Gender Equality
• Gender equality exists when women and men enjoy the same status and experience equal conditions for fully realizing their human rights to contribute and benefit from participating in the full range of social, political and economic activities.

Gender Equity
• Gender equity focuses on equality of results. It requires the differential treatment of groups in order to end inequality. To ensure equity, measures must often be available to compensate for historical and social disadvantages that prevent men and women from participating equally.

Gender Mainstreaming
• Gender Mainstreaming involves the consistent use of a gender perspective at all stages of the development and implementation of public policies, plans, programs and projects. Gender mainstreaming requires that gender analysis be recognized as a core competency of public policymaking.

Gender-Sensitive Policy
• Policies that seek to transform existing gender relations by changing the distribution of resources and responsibilities to make them more equitable.

Gender Mainstreaming emerged over the past decade as a result of:
• United Nations - The Platform for Action (1995) signed by 189 countries at the Fourth World Conference on Women held in Beijing, China
• Leadership from other multilateral institutions and international organizations including the World Bank, the Commonwealth, the International Labour Organization, the European Union and the International Monetary Fund
• Pressure from civil society actors, including Non-Governmental Organizations

Rationale for Implementing Gender Mainstreaming
• Generates Economic and Social Benefits
• Improves the Quality of Advice to Decision Makers
• Maximizes Effectiveness and Efficiency
• Meets International and Legal Commitments

The Principles of Gender Mainstreaming
a) Gender equality can be achieved only through recognition that policies may have differential impacts on women and men, which reflect their diverse life situations.
b) A gender-sensitive approach to policy development incorporates an investigation and understanding of the historical and current socio-economic factors that may be contributing to experiences of inequality.

The Principles of Gender Mainstreaming
c) Gender Analysis is designed to lead to recommendations that will link research and policy in order to generate solutions to ending inequality for both women and men.
d) To be effective, gender must be "mainstreamed" within each stage of the research and policy process.

Gender-Sensitive Policy includes:
• Policies that developed and implemented with the end result aimed at meeting both women and men's needs (ie. pensions)
• Women or men can be the main target population with the goals, objectives and delivery mechanisms predicated exclusively on the priorities and situations of the gender in question (ie. women's education; men's health)

Integrating Gender Analysis into Public Policy involves Qualitative and Quantitative methodologies.
• The Role of NGOS and Civil Society in the
• Policy Process
• The Role of Gender-Disaggregated Data

Gender-Sensitive Policy requires gender analysis to be incorporated at each stage of the policy process.
1. Identify the Issue
2. Define Desired Outcomes and Possible Policy Alternatives
3. Research and Assess Policy Alternatives
4. Recommend Policy Option
5. Implement Policy
6. Monitor Policy
7. Evaluate Policy

Does Gender-Sensitive Policy Make a Difference?

Evaluating the Impact of Gender-Sensitive Policy

Gender Indicators:
• Used to measure gender-related change over time. For example, a gender-sensitive indicator could show the change in the status of women in terms of access to higher education relative to men over a period or time. Gender-sensitive indicators are used to gauge the effectiveness of gender-sensitive policies.

Economic Equality Indicators
Statistical measurement to compare the situations of women and men over time

• TOTAL INCOME INDEX
government transfers and after-tax income
• TOTAL WORKLOAD INDEX
paid and unpaid work
• LEARNING INDEX
access to higher education
job training
occupational returns of education

Gender Analysis in Action of the Azebaijan government
Though we live in economically challenging times, gender equality is not a bonus of good times. Equality rights are human rights - a basic principle that shapes the way we live, in good times and hard times. We must take responsibility for the choices we make between cutting costs today and missing out on the immediate and longer-term benefits of an investment in gender equality.

Azerbaijan 's Gender Strategy includes:

Constitutional formal and substantive equality guarantees
State machinery for women (State Ministry with gender issie) and gender units within individual ministries
Federal Plan for Women's Equality
Economic Equality Indicators

Gender Budget Initiatives

• Involves examining a government's budget to assess its impact on men and women. Includes analysis of gender-targeted allocations; disaggregates by gender the impact of expenditures across all sector and services.
• Challenges the gender-blind nature of economic models that address population needs in a uniform, apparently neutral way.

Gender Budget Initiatives

• Today more than 40 countries -developed and developing - engage in Gender Budget initiatives at the national, regional and local levels.
• Can make significant contributions in terms of equity, equality, realizing human rights, efficiency, effectiveness, accountability, and transparency.

Gender Analysis and Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers in Azerbaijan

• World Bank research confirms that there is a correlation between greater gender equality and greater poverty reduction and economic growth.
• Although women and men both experience poverty, they frequently experience poverty differently, have different poverty reduction priorities and are affected differently by development interventions.

Gender Analysis and Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers in Azerbaijan

• Identifying and redressing these differences tends to yield high social, economic and financial returns.
• Therefore, Gender Analysis should be integrated fully into the poverty analysis, reduction strategy, resource allocation, monitoring and consultative frameworks contained within PRSPs.

Does Azerbaijan Need Gender-Sensitive Policies?

Azerbaijan's Gender Profile1

• High poverty level with 50% of the population living in poverty.
• High gender wage gap (39%).
• One of the highest infant and under-five mortality rates in the region. High maternal mortality rate.
• 68% of women receiving antenatal care.

Azerbaijan's Gender Profile1

• Gender gap in life expectancy favoring women (6.3 years).
• Gender disparities in access to capital and credit.
• Falling participation rate of girls in higher education.
Source: UNDP Human Development Report for Azerbaijan 2002; Azerbaijan Country Assistance Strategy, World Bank 2002.

Azerbaijan's Commitments to Gender Equality

• Constitutional guarantee of gender equality
• Signatory to the United Nations Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
• Signatory to the United Nations Platform for Action (1995)

Azerbaijan's Commitments to Gender Equality

• State Committee for Women's Affairs
• National Plan of Action on the Improvement of the Status of Women 2000-2005

Obstacles to Implementing Gender Analysis:

• Misunderstanding of the goals of gender analysis
• Need for a broader definition of the concept of equality
• Requires procedural change
• Lack of adequate tools and training
• Lack of sufficient knowledge about gender equality issues

Successful Gender Mainstreaming Requires:

• Political will
• Gender equality policy framework or separate gender equality policies
• Structures and mechanisms to support women's issues
• Civil society engagement
• Availability of gender-disaggregated data and current research on gender equality
• Accountability and evaluation frameworks
• Involvement of men and women, including the participation of women in political and public life

What it tkes to become a policy advocate
1. developing a vision
2. seek opportunities for policy advocacy
3. take sensible risks
4. balance flexibility with planing
5. develop a basket of practice skills
6. be persistent
7. tolerate uncertainty
8. combine pragmatism with principles

For More Information on Gender Analysis and Gender Mainstreaming:
www.worldbank.org/gender
www.un.org/womenwatch
www.unifem.org
www.thecommonwealth.org/gender
www.europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social
VIRTUAL MUSEIM

AGIC promotes creating the history of civil society and those initiations by studying womans public activity in the end of XIX - the beginning of XX centuries. The collection of the visual evidences and oral reminiscences allows not only to recalled the events, become utterly absorbed in the atmosphere that reigned at that time but also to comprehend, understand how and what efforts were demanded for establishing of Caucasus womens rights. The information collected here will serve also as a supporting material for teachers, historians and researchers working in the sphere of womans and gender problems. They will get an opportunity of using these unique documents as historical references, visual and oral evidences.




EUROPEAN WOMENS THESAURUS

The European Womens Thesaurus is the tool for definition and search of the "female" information in databanks, the Internet and the collection of womens libraries, the documentary centers and archives. The European Womens Thesaurus contains 2087 European terms.

In the Azerbaijan version of the Thesaurus are brought 589 terms reflecting sociopolitical realities of the Azerbaijan society, national and Islamic culture.




GENDER DIRECTORY

is the data-base of all the national actors involved in women's and gender issues work. The data base supposes to include the gender focal points: State agencies, National parliament, Business sector, Mass media outlets, International organizations, functioning in Azerbaijan, Funding institutions, functioning in Azerbaijan,Diplomatic corps, functioning in Azerbaijan, the individual actors (individual feminists, writers and poets, artists, scientific womens rights lawyers). Attention! The directory is connected by links to databases of womens NGOs (both registered and non-registered), NGOs carrying out gender projects, researchers and teachers.




AZERBAIJAN STATE COMMITTEE ON FAMILY, WOMAN AND CHILD PROBLEMS

In Azerbaijan by initiative of the President Ilham Aliev in accordance with Presidential Decree dated by 6 of February 2006 State Committee on Family, Women and Children issues has been established. Chairwoman of the Committee is Mrs. Khidjran Guseynova. She is the professor of the Baku State University and the first woman- the doctor of political sciences in Azerbaijan




THE NATIONAL DOCUMENTS

The section presents the international documents on achievement of equality between men and women and protection of human rights for women.




THE INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTS

The section presents the international documents on achievement of equality between men and women and protection of human rights for women.




DATABASE OF WOMEN'S NGO

The database base of womens NGOs includes the registered and unregistered organizations, womens f groups. Attention! There arent practically precisely profile NGOs in Azerbaijan. For completeness of the information search is recommended to realize by several key words




DATABASE OF NGOS, CARRYING OUT GENDER PROJECTS

The database represents the information about the international and national projects on gender problems for the period 1998-2007. Search is carried out both by thematic key words and under names of NGOs






Human Rights in the XXI Century - Azerbaijan














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Regional Initiative of Women's Groups for Promoting ICT as a Strategic Tool for Social Transformation









      This site was prepared with support of Fund " Open Society " - Fund of Assistance