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INFORMATION NEWSLETTERS

are the special issues (printed analogues were distributed in regions), shining{covering} about debatable problems gender theories, gender attitudes and relations in the most different areas of a public life. The research data resulted editions in a significant part are made by advisers of AGIC




THE GENDER RESEARCHES

In this section the gender researches are presented. The researches have been realized by the Azerbaijan authors with 1998 on present time




HOT LINE

To the submitted addresses it is possible to receive legal, psychological and medical aid:

The Crisis Center:
t: 4943376
wcc@online.az


legal consultation. pre-judicial preparation of the documentation . psychological rehabilitation, consultations of the gynecologist. psychiatrist, neuropathologist.

MHAIDS Azerbaijan:
t: 5106614 mhaids@initiative.az


consultations of the gynecologist. psychiatrist, neuropathologist. venereologist, the organization of the specialized analyses

Research Center AREAT
t: 438 15 77:

areat@azeronline.com

Consultations in registry offices about an opportunity of the conclusion of the marriage contract at registration of a marriage as precautionary measure against economic violence over family.

LTD Law and Order:
: (050) 341 06 60
law_order@gender-az.org


legal consultation, drawing up of judicial claims , pre-judicial preparation of the documentation, participation in judicial sessions as the public defender (prosecutor)

Clean World Social Union
: 497 10 58


Support to victims of human trafficking shelter for victims of human trafficking




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SECRETS OF SEXUAL FORCED LABOUR IN NAZI CONCENTRATION CAMPS


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I have vivid memories of a school trip to Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Oranienburg, 35 kilometres north of Berlin: the crematories, the so-called ‘Station Z' built for the extermination of prisoners in 1942, the infirmary... I have no recollection, however, of the camp brothel.

Robert Sommer's latest book The Concentration Camp Bordello: Sexual Forced Labor in National Socialistic Concentration Camps (Das KZ-Bordell) provides, however, for the first time a comprehensive study of this dark, hushed-up and largely ignored chapter of the history of Nazi Germany. Sommer is a cultural studies scholar based in Berlin. His study will be published in July by Schoningh Verlag, Paderborn. It is the result of a nine-year project based on the study of archives, concentration camp memorial sites and interviews with historical witnesses.

It is often believed that the Nazi regime forbade and fought prostitution. Sommer's research reveals, however, the existence of brothels in Nazi concentration camps and of a network of state-controlled brothels, which operated across half of Europe, especially after the outbreak of the Second World War. There existed brothels in the concentration camps of Sachsenhausen, Dachau, Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Mittelbau-Dora and Mauthausen.

The first concentration camp brothel was founded in Mauthausen in Austria in June 1942. Heinrich Himmler had allegedly visited the camp in May 1941 and ordered the construction of a brothel. The construction of brothels in forced labour camps was part of a rewards scheme in an attempt to increase labour productivity. Himmler extolled the benefits of providing ‘the hard-working prisoners with women in brothels' in a letter to Oswald Pohl, the SS officer in charge of the concentration camps, on March 23rd, 1942. At the time of the opening of the brothel in Mauthausen, it is estimated that approximately 5,500 prisoners worked in the camp. By the end of 1944, over 70,000 forced laborers worked in the complex. The SS recruited 10 women for Mauthausen, which signified between 300 and 500 men per prostitute.

Buchenwald prisoners' brothel opened on July 11th 1943. A total of ten ‘Sonderbauten' or ‘special buildings' are believed to have been built in concentration camps between 1942 and 1945. Estimates reveal that some 200 women worked in Nazi camp brothels. Over 60% of them were of German nationality. No Jewish women were employed in the brothels for ‘racial hygiene' reasons.

There has been considerable debate over the extent to which these women volunteered. Many women were lured by false promises that they would be released afterwards. The suggestion that some women volunteered may be one reason why former brothel inmates continue to be stigmatised and why the existence of camp brothels has been largely ignored. For some women, however, working in the brothels was the key to their survival. Lieselotte B. was a prisoner at the Mittlebau-Dora camp. She was quoted in an article on the website of Der Spiegel:

Sommer's research indeed shows that those employed in the brothels had a greater chance of escaping death in the camps. Almost all of the women forced into prostitution survived. Very little is known, however, about what became of them and most of them never spoke about their experiences.

His research has also inspired a travelling exhibition entitled ‘Camp brothels - forced sex work in Nazi concentration camps' which is due to tour several memorial sites next year.

The article on the website of Der Spiegel includes further testimonies as well as a photo gallery.

For further information on the attitudes of the Nazi state towards women, read our article Women and the Nazi State

 

http://historytodaymagazine.blogspot.com/2009/06/secrets-of-sexual-forced-labour-in-nazi.html

 

VIRTUAL MUSEIM

AGIC promotes creating the history of civil society and those initiations by studying womans public activity in the end of XIX - the beginning of XX centuries. The collection of the visual evidences and oral reminiscences allows not only to recalled the events, become utterly absorbed in the atmosphere that reigned at that time but also to comprehend, understand how and what efforts were demanded for establishing of Caucasus womens rights. The information collected here will serve also as a supporting material for teachers, historians and researchers working in the sphere of womans and gender problems. They will get an opportunity of using these unique documents as historical references, visual and oral evidences.




EUROPEAN WOMENS THESAURUS

The European Womens Thesaurus is the tool for definition and search of the "female" information in databanks, the Internet and the collection of womens libraries, the documentary centers and archives. The European Womens Thesaurus contains 2087 European terms.

In the Azerbaijan version of the Thesaurus are brought 589 terms reflecting sociopolitical realities of the Azerbaijan society, national and Islamic culture.




GENDER DIRECTORY

is the data-base of all the national actors involved in women's and gender issues work. The data base supposes to include the gender focal points: State agencies, National parliament, Business sector, Mass media outlets, International organizations, functioning in Azerbaijan, Funding institutions, functioning in Azerbaijan,Diplomatic corps, functioning in Azerbaijan, the individual actors (individual feminists, writers and poets, artists, scientific womens rights lawyers). Attention! The directory is connected by links to databases of womens NGOs (both registered and non-registered), NGOs carrying out gender projects, researchers and teachers.




AZERBAIJAN STATE COMMITTEE ON FAMILY, WOMAN AND CHILD PROBLEMS

In Azerbaijan by initiative of the President Ilham Aliev in accordance with Presidential Decree dated by 6 of February 2006 State Committee on Family, Women and Children issues has been established. Chairwoman of the Committee is Mrs. Khidjran Guseynova. She is the professor of the Baku State University and the first woman- the doctor of political sciences in Azerbaijan




THE NATIONAL DOCUMENTS

The section presents the international documents on achievement of equality between men and women and protection of human rights for women.




THE INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTS

The section presents the international documents on achievement of equality between men and women and protection of human rights for women.




DATABASE OF WOMEN'S NGO

The database base of womens NGOs includes the registered and unregistered organizations, womens f groups. Attention! There arent practically precisely profile NGOs in Azerbaijan. For completeness of the information search is recommended to realize by several key words




DATABASE OF NGOS, CARRYING OUT GENDER PROJECTS

The database represents the information about the international and national projects on gender problems for the period 1998-2007. Search is carried out both by thematic key words and under names of NGOs






Human Rights in the XXI Century - Azerbaijan














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Regional Initiative of Women's Groups for Promoting ICT as a Strategic Tool for Social Transformation









      This site was prepared with support of Fund " Open Society " - Fund of Assistance